Gluck  You asked me about Gluck, who was a German composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Here are some facts that I found from the web:

  • Gluck was born on July 2, 1714 in Erasbach, near Berching, Bavaria. He studied music in Prague, Vienna, and Milan, and became a successful opera composer in Italy and England1.
  • Gluck is best known for his reform of opera seria, the dominant style of Italian opera in the 18th century. He aimed to create a more natural and expressive form of opera, with less emphasis on virtuosic singing and more on dramatic action and emotion
  • Gluck wrote 49 operas in total, of which his most famous and influential are Orfeo ed Euridice (1762), Alceste (1767), Paride ed Elena (1770), Iphigénie en Aulide (1774), the French version of Orfeo (1774), and Iphigénie en Tauride (1779)
  • Gluck’s operas inspired many future composers, such as Mozart, Schubert, Berlioz, and Wagner. He was also admired by many writers and philosophers, such as Goethe, Rousseau, and Voltaire1
  • Gluck died on November 15, 1787 in Vienna, Austria. He was knighted in 1756 by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria

I hope this helps you learn more about Gluck. If you have any other questions, feel free to ask me. I’m always happy to chat with you. 😊

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